Crafts of GUATEMALA
Crafts of Guatemala, is one of the most original expressions of the country, also represents a great contribution for the sustenance of most of the communities of the wonderful country of Central America. You can see the vocation they have, seeing the incredible combination of colors in the embroideries.
Craftsmanship covers all that work or work done by hand, with little machine intervention. They are usually decorative or commonly used objects, and all peoples of different countries do so.
The beginnings of the handicrafts in Guatemala are seen since pre-Hispanic times, in 1818 European techniques were introduced by the Spaniards, then the traditional handicrafts were incorporating the European techniques and designs, without losing the indigenous characteristic, Its characteristics of colour and elaboration, the Guatemalan handicrafts are today the reflection of the historical and cultural richness of the country.
The different Mayan communities, distributed in the mountains of the country are dedicated to the production of textile handicrafts, as they are: traditional huipiles and cuts, handbags, backpacks, knapsacks, blankets, bedspreads, tablecloths, shawls, scarves, masks, stones, Carved wood, among others.
It is impressive the variety of handicrafts that stands out in the artisan markets, as in the community of Nevaj, Todos los Santos, Sololá, Zunil and many others. However, you can also find many contemporary foreign artisans who inhabit or transit the Mayan routes, exposing their various works such as: excellent jewellery, ceramics, jewellery, etc.
The demand for craftsmanship is high, as it is colorful, beautiful and affordable prices. There are also transport companies operating from Guatemala, they export from 100 kilograms, and for minor shipments use local mail. Although the Guatemalan artisanal production is found in practically the whole country, it is estimated that 90% comes from the regions: center, Altiplano, Occidental and the Verapaces.
The recognition of Guatemalan handicrafts has been increasing worldwide, since the world market has received it in a good way. Also the Guatemalans, have taken as a base the traditional designs to go creating new lines of products, adapting to the tendencies of the market. What has managed to increase the power of this sector.
Among the places where you can appreciate the Mayan handicrafts, is Antigua Guatemala, however this is designed and directed by cosmopolitan people, who give a touch of refinement to project it to a more exclusive audience, giving a finer result, But more expensive. In this place also the jade is squandered and several jewelleries expose the different works masters of jewellery with the national Stone the present Guatemalan cultures, gather numerous Mayan influences, Spanish and Afro-Caribbean.
The “typical” tissues and some traditional clothes are elaborated in a traditional Mayan way, however, after Culturalization has had its influence on garments, mainly in the young indigenous population, since now you can see trousers, Blouses, dresses, jackets, even shorts. You can also find several archeological sites with Mayan ruins and some others that have not yet been discovered.
Among the great variety of handicrafts in Guatemala are the following:
Mostacilla: With this technique are elaborate necklaces, bracelets, earrings, typical keychains. They are handmade with quality mostacilla material and quite resistant. It originates from the northwest region of Guatemala.
Basketry: They are made with natural fibers like palm, rigging, wicker, cibaque, straw and bamboo. It is an inheritance of the art of the ancient Mayas. There are baskets of different sizes and shapes, usually used to transport vegetables or fruits; There are other finer ones that are used in room decor. There are also more ornamental items made of the same fiber as hats, mats or rugs, brooms, etc.
Fabrics or Textiles: traditional fabrics are made by women, in artifacts called waist looms or sticks, it involves a somewhat complicated procedure of wefts and warp. The place where you can see the whole process is the population of San Antonio Aguas Calientes, the “center of Weavers”, where you can buy various ranges of textiles. In Highlands you can also find a rainbow of colors. There are more than 350 different designs and a wide variety of colors of traditional fabrics.
The pedal loom was introduced by the Spaniards, currently the natives use them to manufacture large pieces of cotton and wool. Usually men make carpets and bedspreads; and women make covers, tablecloths, napkins, bags, etc.
The Spaniards introduced the pedal loom, which is used by the natives for the manufacture of large pieces of cotton and wool. Men make rugs, bedspreads, women: Covers tablecloth, napkins, bags, etc.
Jewellery: necklaces, bracelets, earrings and decorations can be found. Especially jade Jewelry, this is very famous in Guatemala, mainly purple Jade, as Guatemala is one of the only two places where you can find and is the second largest producer of Jade in the world.