It is called craftsmanship both to the work and to the creations made by the craftsmen (a person who performs craftworks). It is a type of art in which one works primarily with the hands, shaping various objects for commercial or purely artistic or creative purposes. One of the fundamental characteristics of this work is that it is developed without the help of machines or automated processes. This makes each craft work a unique and incomparable object, which gives it an extremely special character.
Some examples where the term appears are: When we toured the North, I bought several typical handicrafts, my aunt gave me an Aboriginal craftsmanship to decorate my new house “, most of the local population lives from the handicrafts”
Craftsmanship is the ability of humans to produce objects with their hands or with the help of simple tools or machines. The artisans can also make serial productions, but they differ from the industrial ones because the handcrafted pieces are made with the hands, one by one, making the object unique. Until a few decades ago, craftsmen were everywhere in all fields of production. However, the processes of industrialization and the implantation of the consumer society have caused this activity to be unviable as modus vivendi. Today, artisans are struggling to keep their trade alive and earn a living.
Some of these artisanal manifestations have exceeded the traditional framework of the workshop and have become phenomena of the collectivity. That is why more and more meetings and learning sessions of certain activities are organized, such as the laces or basket-weaving.
In popular art, on the other hand, this manual dexterity is also required to build the proposed works. In this case, production is no longer called the object, but the work. Artistic Works can be individual or collective, permanent or ephemeral. Popular art is manifested in decorations of streets, cribs, flower carpets and other samples, manifestations that are related to the cycle of the year.
In this sense, craftsmanship consists of the manual work with raw materials, generally from the region or locality inhabited by the artisan, using methods and techniques that are intangible heritage of their specific cultural community.
In craft work, rudimentary tools or instruments are often used, and machines and automated processes are seldom used. However, some mechanical function processes are sometimes used to make it possible to expedite certain tasks.
The artisan products have a unique value, because they are the expression of the symbolic or ideological values of a culture, and they are made with particular quality and mastery from very old techniques, that vary from region to region, from culture to culture, E, Even, depending on the climate, the resources or the history of a place.
Handicrafts can have different uses, ranging from domestic and ornamental, to ceremonial or symbolic uses, or as costumes or work instruments.
Some branches of handicrafts are pottery, jewellery, ceramics, basketry, woodwork, goldsmithing, talabartera, wood carving or upholstery, among others.
Products made using industrial techniques and processes are the main competition for handicrafts, since they have better distribution and are manufactured at a considerably lower cost. Craftsmanship, however, has a greater symbolic and cultural value.
Handicrafts and Crafts
Handicrafts should not be confused with crafts. The crafts are work done with the hands, especially by schoolchildren to learn to work with different techniques and materials. Handicrafts, on the other hand, also handmade, through a set of traditional techniques, have a unique artistic, cultural and symbolic value.
As opposed to industrial or serial productions, a craftsmanship is defined as a meticulous and detailed work where each object is unique and must receive special attention. To carry out this work the artisans put into practice various manual techniques learned and developed over time.
Within the cultural baggage of a village and its traditional culture, handicrafts occupy an important place. Such is the case that the origins of this type of manual work date back to the times before the emergence of the industrial age.
Thousands of years ago there were already handicrafts and they were developed with different materials. In each place, taking into account the possibilities of the environment varied the type of handicrafts that were manufactured: according to the raw material that each space offered.
It is important to note that handicrafts can have an aesthetic purpose (for example, a decorative painting), ritual (a mask) or functional (a vase to put water). At this point it differs categorically from industrial work because in the creation of each object the combination of design and art is pursued.
Traditions in every handicraft
Most artisans work with their hands where with their patience and long hours of work seek perfection in their works, detailing every inch that give the shape to your imagination whether in mud, clay or wood.
Traditions and cultures are linked with the hands of the artisans, they seek to be one to capture in a work all that represents their region, country or continent
The Artisan object performs a utilitarian or decorative function and in some cases tends to acquire character of work of art. The handicraft can be classified in: Indigenous handicraft, folk handicraft, contemporary handicraft or Neoartesanía.
Production of useful, ritual and aesthetic goods. It is constituted in material expression of the culture of communities with ethnic unity and relatively closed. elaborated to satisfy social needs, integrating the concepts of art and functionality. It materializes the knowledge of the community about the potential of each resource of the geographic environment, which is transmitted through the generations.
Traditional folk handicraft
Production of useful and, at the same time, aesthetic objects, performed anonymously by a given people, exhibiting a mastery of materials, usually from the habitat of each community. This activity is carried out as a specialized trade, transmitted from generation to generation, and constitutes a fundamental expression of the culture with which one identifies, mainly, the mestizo and black communities, and whose traditions are constituted By the contribution of American and African populations, influenced or characterized in different degrees by cultural traits of the world view of the originating European immigrants.
Contemporary craftsmanship or Neoartesanía
Production of useful and aesthetic objects, from the framework of the trades, and in whose process they sincretizan technical and formal elements, coming from different sociocultural contexts and tecnoeconómicos levels. It is characterized by a transition to modern technology and/or the application of aesthetic principles of universal tendencies and/or academics, and highlights the individual creativity expressed by the quality and originality of the style.