The mining economy
The strategy of the development is the mining economy, that has as fundamental base the link of the culture of the peoples with their productive processes, not otherwise it is understood the active life and its representation in manifestations like the art, the architecture, the Literature and others that enriched the history of Popayán during the 16th and 17th centuries and that reflected its importance in the following times, under an economy based on mining gold.
The financial reason for the colony revolved around the gold mines, their structures of exploitation, slavery, their trade, taxes, power, and the hacienda that expanded to ensure food production for the number of men Linked to their work.
The civil and religious power and the positioning of the Creole aristocracy, fincó in these circumstances the basis of its legitimation, since for the activity of the peninsula was its raison d’être, because from there it derived the main source of its income.
The formation of the Republic, the action of its warriors which engaged men and assets, in a circumstance of miners slaves with free warriors, weakened the mining activity and with it the economic strength, the power and therefore, led to the dismemberment of Known as the “Greater Cauca”, leaving the region in the difficult situation that until today affects.
The Cauca production lost its mining course, it left to the side its knowledge and expertise of this activity, it did not know where the maps of the mines were and the characterization of its minerals, because it was passed to the economy of the large haciendas of extensive cattle ranches, that Then they disappeared because of the presence of agro-industry, commercial forests and the action of agrarian reform.
The other aristocratic activity disappeared; But today it reappears with a high significance in the regional economy; Calculations based on the points of exploitation allow the understanders to make approximations higher than the 8,000 billion dollars per week, which in the month would be $32,000 billion, very prudent figures that should move in the informal market, therefore, should To be assumed as the reason for the significant monetary flow in the region.
Wealth VS. Poverty
Contrasts this wealth situation with the poverty rates of Cauca, therefore, the invitation to the Colombian Government, on the part of all civil society, should be focused on putting to the attention of the State the only way of solution that is foreseen as practical and is To modernize the mining of these territories, starting with opening spaces for the study of the formalisation of all mining points.
Only a policy of inclusion, if processes of reconciliation with other actors were advanced, because not to rehearse processes of formalisation with those who advance these activities, precisely because the state has not had a clear and open policy for this kind of productive sectors, favoring multinational companies.
Of course, formalization requires recognition, but this has been the whole history of Colombia, and also the modernization of the operating procedures, and not without leaving aside the use of all the appropriate instruments to counteract the effects Environmental.
The mining cooperatives scattered in many municipalities require technical assistance, financing, appropriation of clean processes of production, inclusion of green markets, which would drive jewellery, the carving of stones, a possibility from the Art and craftsmanship.
Universities such as the Autonomous University of Popayán, through the Gita, research group on technologies and environment, advances practices for evaluating impacts caused by mining, posing alternatives for their competitiveness.
Not only should gold be taken as a possibility of mining, abundance in clays, towed material, coal, bauxite, sulphur, kaolin, and semi-precious stones susceptible to carving such as olivine, Green emeralds, red garnets and abrasives, Yellow and blue sapphires, zirconiums, cutting stones, corundums, hard stones for industrial processes, and quartz give a wide expectation of mining.
Looking at mining without a positive view does not allow Cauca to include monetary income that requires its development, efforts concentrated in other sectors of production demand these resources to be able to get ahead, as it advances the Secretariat of competitiveness of the department.
Sectors such as construction, services, the agro-industry of sugarcane and pineapple, and the cultivation of coffee, trade, need the support of this sector, which, according to the National Mining Agency, Colombia, exported in the year of 2017 , 41 tonnes of gold, 34% less than in the years immediately preceding, for which the Cauca registers a share of 2%, a very low number for its expectation.
Cauca currently advances many efforts of all its productive sectors, but it turns in search of the expectations of all the studies that have been advanced on its prospective, to understand that definitive strategies are needed, one of them to recover The mining culture.